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For Postgraduates

International Summer School in Southeast Asian Studies 

Southeast Asian states have been described as being strongly oriented towards the future, prioritizing modernization and development. In recent years, however, the past seems to have taken on renewed relevance in the region. In this intensive two-week course, The Return of the Past: Memory Making and Heritage in Southeast Asia (24 February - 7 March 2014), students and lecturers from Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (Germany), Universitas Gadjah Mada (Indonesia), and Universiti Sains Malaysia (Penang) will discuss memory and its transmission as a social, cultural and political phenomenon. We will compare hegemonic state-centred narratives about the past with bottom-up popular memories in order to understand how multiple identities are formed, contested and modified. 

Structure of the course

In the first week of the summer school, lecturers from various disciplinary backgrounds (history, political science, anthropology) will introduce students to some of the main theories on memory and heritage and give them insights into important research that has been done on these issues in Southeast Asia. Participants will be expected to read the assigned literature beforehand and will be encouraged to interact with fellow students from Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Universitas Gadjah Mada and Universiti Sains Malaysia throughout the duration of the program. During the second week, participants will form small groups and visit various pre-colonial, colonial and contemporary memory sites in the Yogyakarta region and will speak with people connected to these sites. Each group will present its findings on the final day of the summer school. Alternatively, participants may choose to present a proposal for their MA/PhD theses if they wish to continue their research on this topic.

Confirmed speakers

• Prof. Dr. Vincent Houben (Humboldt)
• Prof. Dr. Bambang Purwanto (UGM)
• Dr. Sri Margana (UGM)
• Dr. Olivia Killias (Humboldt)
• Dr. Lye Tuck Po (USM)
• Dr. Soon Chuan Yean (USM)
• Ms. Rosa Castillo, M.A. (Humboldt)
• Ms. Aleah Connley, M.A. (Humboldt)


Successful candidates will receive an allowance from USM’s International Office to cover the round-trip travel from Penang to Yogyakarta. Travel within Indonesia will be arranged. Accommodation will be provided free of charge. A limited food allowance will also be provided, There will be no additional fees for participating in the programme.

How to apply

Advanced M.A. and Ph.D. students at USM, particularly those with backgrounds in Asian or Southeast Asian Studies, are encouraged to apply. Short-listed candidates will be called for an interview with the academic coordinators on 16th December 2013.

Applications should include a CV and a one- to two-page letter of motivation indicating reasons for applying, main fields of interest, and the relevance of the topic to the applicant’s broader academic objectives, and be sent (in PDF-format) to the following email addresses no later than 13th December, 2013:

Dr. Soon Chuan Yean: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Dr. Lye Tuck Po: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 



The 5th Social Sciences Postgraduate National Seminar- 16 DECEMBER 2013





Staff News

Recent retirements:

Lim Hong Hai

Francis Loh Kok Wah



Three long-serving staff left the school in September: Professor Francis Loh Kok Wah (top right) and Associate Professors Lim Hong Hai (top left) and Angeline Cheah (left).

There is much we would say, had we the words. For those who were touched and inspired by their presence, mentored and trained by them, and enjoyed their enlivening presence at meetings, no words are adequate. Simply this, then: thank you, farewell, and here's wishing them happy trails ahead!



Long-serving administrative and support staff Teh Gaik Lan and Lee Sok Eong retired in 2011. They were followed by Professor Amir H. Baharuddin (Economics section), who took up a new position at Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM). In January 2012, Ismail Baba, Associate Professor in the Social Work section and the-then Dean of the school, also retired and moved to UUM. Most recently, we bid farewell to administrative staff members Amnah Shariff and Mohamad Shahul Hamid. 


Associate Professor Salfarina Abd. Gapor has left to take up a new position in Albukhary International University, Alor Setar, Kedah. Visiting Professor John Spores (Social Work) has completed his tenure at the school and returned to the United States.

We will miss these colleagues and wish them the best of all luck in their new endeavours.

New staff: 

We extend a warm welcome to the following:

Shariffah Suraya binti Syed Jamaludin and Arzura Idris have joined the permanent teaching staff. Shariffah is now Senior Lecturer in Anthropology and Sociology, and Arzura is a Lecturer in Political Science.

Nguyen Thi Tung Uyen, Muhamad Fadhil Nurdin, Christopher Hodshire, and Bala Raju Nikku have joined Social Work as Visiting Lecturers. Olivia Killias (Lecturer at the Institute for Asian and African Studies, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin) joins us as a Visiting Fellow. Further information on our Visiting and Postdoctoral Fellows can be found here.

Support and administrative staff changes:

Ahmad Zaki Talhah Mohd Zain is the new Assistant Registrar. Wan Nurul Husnaa binti Wan Azmi replaced Arzura Jaffar as the Executive Secretary to the Deputy Dean (Research and Postgraduate), and Aniza Abdul Malik replaced Raffidah Hussain as Assistant Administrator.

The 2009-2012 team of administrators (Dean, Deputy Deans, section Chairs,and Programme Co-ordinators) completed its tenure at the end of 2012. We thank these colleagues for their service. The list of current administrators is here.


For Undergraduates

Untuk makluman Pelajar Pra-siswazah PPSK.
Semua pelajar Tahun Akhir [warganegara MALAYSIA sahaja] DIWAJIBKAN melengkapkan Kajian My3S secara dalam talian. 
Sila rujuk fail  .PDF  berikut.
pdf img undergraduate
Terima Kasih.

Tawaran Biasiswa Bagi Program ASEAN Leaders Fostering Program 2013/2014

Sukacita dimaklumkan bahawa Pejabat Antarabangnsa telah menerima maklumat daripada ASEAN university Network (AUN) berkaitan Tawaran Biasiswa bagi Program Pertukaran Pelajar dalam bidang Information and Communication Technology, Social Sciences & Humanities.

Sehubungan dengan itu, bagi pelajar yang berminat untuk menyertai program ini, sila dapatkan butiran lanjut serta Borang Permohonan daripada Pejabat Am, C06, Pusat Pengajian Sains Kemasyarakatan, dengan kadar segera.

Dimaklumkan juga, Borang Permohonan ini perlu dihantar kembali ke Pusat Pengajian selewat-lewatnya 01 Julai 2013.


Terima Kasih.


Pejabat Timbalan Dekan

(Akademik - Prasiswazah & Siswazah)

Pusat Pengajian Sains Kemasyarakatan


School Seminar Series

School of Social Sciences Seminar Series

Seminars take place on Fridays in the Conference Room, building C23, unless otherwise noted. For further information, please contact the office of the  Deputy Dean (Research & Postgraduate)

2 CPD points; all are welcome; attendance compulsory for all School of Social Sciences Fellowship and GA holders.


28 September 2012, 10 am
Constitutional Aspects of General Elections
Datuk Dr. Shad Saleem Faruqi
Emeritus Professor, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM)

8 June 2012, 10 am
Studying Elections and Democracy in Malaysia: A Survey and Review
Francis Loh Kok Wah
Professor, Political Science section, School of Social Sciences, USM

18 May 2012, 9:30 am
2012 US Elections
David Yepsen
Director, Paul Simon Public Policy Institute, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale 

23 March 2012, 10:30 am
Towards Ethnobotanical Comparison of the Jah Het and Ka’apor
William Balee
Professor, Tulane University 

Call for papers

The 5th Social Sciences Postgraduate National Seminar- 16 DECEMBER 2013




International Workshop

An international workshop will be held on the 13th-14th December 2012. Organized by USM's School of Social Sciences, the workshop will take place on school premises.

Beyond Borders: Connectivity and Identities of Change in East Asia

For decades, the nation state has served as the epicenter of human activities. Various programs have been developed and engineered to integrate the differing segments of a territorially bounded society in the quest of creating a homogenous national identity under the so-called concept of nation building.

Nation building was and continues to remain an incomplete process. Ethnically homogenous states may find nation building less challenging since they have fewer differences when compared to ethnically heterogeneous states. In East Asia, well established states with longer histories like South Korea and Japan may have a stronger national identity than poorer and developing states particularly in Southeast Asia but all states including China are finding it increasingly difficult to balance nation building and the forces of globalization. Such forces, be it in the political, economic or social realm, impact societies in varying degrees and create complexities that go beyond a state’s capability to address or manage effectively.

Globalization as understood by the shrinking of the geopolitical boundaries, the flow of new or unprecedented ideas, and the enhancing of connectivity across time and space, thus, challenges not only states but societies by demanding for change. Changes are welcome if they are seen as beneficial and resisted if they are viewed as destructive. In reality, however, it is complex since changes affect different segments of a society in differing ways and it is precisely this that the project seeks to untangle and discuss. The differing speed, direction and scope of changes or transformation that states and their societies experience are what define the dynamics of the East Asian region.

The purpose of this call for paper is to identify some of the major global and regional forces that have affected societal changes within East Asia, the kind of ‘connectivities’ that form or shape identities, how those ‘new’ identities are perceived by the state, and whether states engage other state and non-state actors in utilizing the same forces to preserve, if not enhance, their nationhood.

It asks, among many, what are some of the observable forces of globalization that have contributed to societal changes? What would those changes be, particularly within the context of East and Southeast Asia? How has connectivity through the shrinking of time and space shaped new identities within and without state boundaries? Do those new identities run parallel to state goals or do they challenge conventional norms? Are states passive actors or do they utilize globalization in ways that ensure their survivability, and if it’s the latter, how do they do it?

While the list is non-exhaustive, below are areas we have identified for the workshop. Should you have a topic or idea that does not fit into any of the areas, please feel free to write in for further discussion.

  1. Migration and Identities
    1. the impact of foreign workers and expatriates
    2. the patterns of intercultural marriages
  2. Governance and Identities
    1. the role of political institutions, human rights and the rule of law
    2. the role of states and regional organizations/institutions
    3. the building of security communities
  3. Economic Processes and Identities
    1. economic regionalization processes
    2. the role of foreign direct investments
    3. mergers, acquisitions and joint ventures
  4. Family and Identities
    1. the changing role of family institutions
    2. transnational issues on gender and ethnicity
  5. Civil Society and Identities
    1. issue-oriented grassroots movements
    2. the role of domestic and trans-border non-governmental organizations
  6. Syndication and Identities
    1. the role of transnational organized crimes and human trafficking groups
    2. the impact of illegal trade, money laundering and scams


If you are interested to participate, kindly submit an abstract of not less than 400 words and your CV to Dr. Chin Yee Whah (email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) by 9 November 2012.

Financial assistance will be provided for selected international participants. Submission of draft papers is required prior to the workshop. Selected papers will be compiled and published as an edited volume.  



Dr. Salfarina Abd. Gapor

6 Salfarina_AG
Senior Lecturer                                           
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Tel: 04 653 2665
office: C05/129


About Myself

Academic Qualifications:

BA (Hons) Urban Studies, Sheffield; Postgraduate Diploma in Town and Regional Planning, Sheffield; MA Environment, Development and Policy, Sussex; PhD Sustainable Development, Hull.

Professional Membership:


1.  Subject Consultant for the Department of Environment, Registered Area – Social Impact Assessment, Registration Number: SS0515.

2.   Ahli Persatuan Sains Sosial Malaysia (PSSM), seumur hidup, No.Ahli: 832L.

3.    Alumni Members, 2003 until now, University of Sheffield Alumni Association, Sheffield, England.

4.     Members, Asian Association of Women Studies (AAWAS)


Administrative Responsibilities and Fellowships

1.  Research Associate, 2005, Socio-economic and Environmental Research Institute (SERI)

2.  Board Members and Research Fellow, 2006 until now, Centre for Women Research (KANITA), Universiti Sains Malaysia.

3.  Associate Fellow, 2010 until now, Centre for Global Sustainability Studies (CGSS), Universiti Sains Malaysia


4.  Deputy Dean for Research and Postgraduate Studies, 2008 – 2010, School of Social Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia.


5.  Deputy Director, 2011 until now, Centre for Global Sustainability Studies (CGSS), Universiti Sains Malaysia.


Books and Monographs:

1. Omar Osman, Salfarina Abdul Gapor and Zainal Abidin Sanusi (eds.) (2005) Healthy Campus Monograph Series, Universiti Sains Malaysia – Series 11, Education for Sustainable Development – Preparing USM as a Regional Centre of Expertise, Sinaran Bros. Press dan USM Publication: Penang (148 pages). 

2.  Omar Osman, Zainal Abidin Sanusi, Salfarina Abdul Gapor and Hamoon Khelghat-Doost (eds.) (2009) Education for Sustainable Development: Strategies and Actions of Institutions of Higher Learning, The 2006 Conference of the Association of Southeast Asian Institutions of Higher Learning (ASAIHL), Sinaran Bros. Press dan RCE Penang (252 pages)

3.  Zainal Abidin Sanusi, Azlan Amran, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Asyirah Abdul Rahim, Hamoon Khelghat-Doost, Govindran Jegatesen and Mehran Nejati (2009) Local Solutions for Global Problems, !st regional Conference on Sustainable Development: RECOSD’08, Sinaran Bros, USM publisher and Yayasan Tun Razak (99 pages)

4.  Suzyrman Sibly, Salfarina Abdul Gapor and Kanayathu C.Koshy (2010) Implementation of the New Economic Model: The Role of Education for Sustainable Development in Building Knowledge Base Infrastructure, Centre for Sustainability Studies, USM: Penang (28 pages)

5.  Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Suzyrman Sibly, Jacqueline Liza Clarence B. Fernandez, Tunku Fatimah Firdaus Dato Tunku Fariddudin and Kamarulazizi Ibrahim (2011) “USM-APEX” Transforming Malaysia’s Economy Towards Achieving a high Income Society: Establishing a Front-End Industrial Base, Centre for Global Sustainability Studies, USM: Penang (48 pages)


1. Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Mohd. Zaini Abu Bakar and Azeem Fazwan Ahmad Farouk (2009) Explaining Ethnic Relations in Malaysia Through the “Concentric Circle Model”: Case Studies of the States of Perak and Kelantan, Malaysia, European Journal of Social Sciences – Volume 12, Number 2 (2009), p.253-259.

2. Moh. Azis Arisudi, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Nor Malina Malek (2008) Implikasi Sistem Kepemilikan Tanah: Studi pada Masyarakat Pedesaan di Blitar, Indonesia in Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial (d/h MADANI) diterbitkan Pusat Penelitian Karya Ilmiah (PPKI) Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara, Volume 9, Nomor 3, Oktober 2008. p. 249-264.

3. Moh. Azis Arisudi and Salfarina Abdul Gapor (2008) The Competitiveness of Soybean Production in Blitar-East Java, Indonesia in Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan diterbitkan oleh Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Ekonomi, Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Volume 9, No. 2, Desember 2008. p. 228-247. 

4. Moh. Azis Arisudi, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, dan Nor Malina Malek (2008) Implikasi Sistem Kepemilikan Tanah: Studi pada Masyarakat Pedesaan di Blitar, Indonesia in Jurnal Ilmiah BEST (Bisnis, Ekonomi, Sains dan Teknologi) diterbitkan AMIK-MULTICOM Pematang Siantar, Medan, Volume 10, No. 1, Januari-Maret 2008. p. 66-72. 

5. Nor Hafizah Selamat and Salfarina Abdul Gapor (2005) “Dying and Marginalised – Fishermen and Their Indigenous Knowledge in Penang, in Man and Society, New Series Volume 14, 2004/2005, Jurnal Jabatan Antropologi dan Sosiologi, Fakulti Sastera dan Sains Sosial, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, page 116-135.

6. Salasiah Che Lah, Tarmiji Masron, Azimah Sazali, Ruslan Rainis, Suriati Ghazali, Alias Abdul Ghani and Salfarina Abdul Gapor (2007) The Spatial Lexical Variation and Distribution of Melanau Language, The Sarawak Musuem Journal, Vol. LXIII, No.84 (New Series), December 2007, p.41-64.

7. Salfarina Abdul Gapor and Nor Hafizah Selamat (2007) Community Development and Ecotourism: A Case Study of the Jahai and Temiar Communities in Tasik Banding, Jurnal Kerja Sosial Malaysia, Vol 6, Bil 2, ISSN 1675-3275, Nov 2007, p. 59-76.

8. Salfarina Abdul Gapor and Nor Hafizah Selamat (2010) The Process Linkages in the Marketing of Terendak Igan, World Applied Sciences Journal 10, (Special Issue of Tourism and Hospitality), 121-125, IDOSI Publications.

9.  Nor Hafizah Selamat, Intan Hashimah Hashim, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Juliana Abdul Wahab (2010) The Collective Experience of in Capacity Programs: A Case Study of Fishermens’ Wives Group in Malaysia, European Journal of Social Sciences, Vol 16, No.4,p 490-501.

10.  Nor Hafizah Selamat, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Intan Hashimah Hashim, Juliana Abdul Wahab (2010) A Case Study of Colllective Action in Fishermens’ Wives Group, Malaysia, International  Journal of Human and Social Sciences, 5-14, p 964-969.

11.  Wan Asna Wan Mohd Nor, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Mohamad Zaini Abu Bakar, Zainon Harun (2011) Sustainable Democratic Governance: Some Issues in Women's Political Participation, Journal of US-China Public Administration, Volume 8, Number 4, April 2011 (Serial Number 66), 438-443.

12.  Wan Asna Wan Mohd Nor, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Mohamad Zaini Abu Bakar, Zainon Harun (2011) Patterns of Internet and Traditional Media Use for Political, Information and Political Participation in Malaysia, International Journal of Cyber Society and Education, Vol. 4, No. 1, June 2011, Pages 31-38.

13.  Salfarina, A. G., Nor Malina, M. and Azrina, H. (2011) Trends, Problems and Needs in Urban Housing in Malaysia, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 2011, 74 2011, Autumn 2011, 5

14.  Parthiban S. Gopal, Salfarina Abdul Gapor and Sivamurugan Pandian (2011) Indian Urban Poverty in Malaysia, A New Phenomenon? The Pre and Post Malaysia Independence Perspective, Asia Pacific Journal of Social Sciences, 2011, III (1), Jan-June 2011, 17

15. Nor Hafizah Selamat, Ratna Roshida Abdul Razak, Salfarina Abdul Gapor and Zainal Abidin Sanusi (2011) Survival Through Entrepreneurship: Determinants of Successful Micro-enterprises in Balik Pulau, Penang Island, Malaysia, British Journal of Arts and Social Sciences, 2011, 3, Number 1, 15

16.  Novel Lyndon, Mohammad Reevany Bustami, Salfarina Abdul Gapor (2011) Persepsi Kualiti Hidup Komuniti Bidayuh: Kajian Perbandingan antara Peserat dan Bukan Peserta Program (Skim Pembangunan Kesejahteraan Rakyat) di Daerah Serian, Sarawak, GEOGRAFIA Online, Malaysian Journal of Society and Space 7, Special Issue: Social and Spatial Challenges of Malaysian Development (91-104)

Chapter in Books:

1.Salfarina Abdul Gapor (2005) An Evaluative Study of the Potential RCE Stakeholders in Penang, in Omar Osman, Salfarina Abdul Gapor and Zainal Abidin Sanusi (eds.) Healthy Campus Monograph Series, Universiti Sains Malaysia – Series 11, Education for Sustainable Development – Preparing USM as a Regional Centre of Expertise, Sinaran Bros. Press dan USM Publication: Penang. p. 71-91.

2.Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Chin Yee Wah, Noreha Hashim, Nor Hafizah Selamat dan Mohamad Zaini Abu Bakar (2006) Tahap Perpaduan di Sungai Rambai dan Pekan Nibong Tebal: Analisis Bandingan Mikro antara Lokasi in Zaharah Hassan, Abdul Latif Samian and Abu Daud Silong (eds.) Reading on Ethnic Relations in a Multicultural Society; Perspectives and Research on National Unity and Integration, Universiti Putra Malaysia Press: Serdang, p.166-179.

3.Salfarina Abdul Gapor (2006) Melanau Society and Traditions, Hood Salleh (ed) Volume 12: Peoples and Traditions, The Encyclopedia of Malaysia, Editions Didier Millet: Archipelago Press, Kuala Lumpur, p.86-87.

4.Reevany Bustami, Ellisha Nasruddin, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Zulkarnain Hatta, Zaini Abu Bakar and Roslinya Latip (2006) Development and Governance: Emerging Ethical and Sustainable Paradigms in Malaysia in Salahuddin M. Aminuzzaman (ed) Governance and Development: Bangladesh and regional Experiences, Shrabon Prokashani: Dhaka, p.256.

5.Salfarina Abdul Gapor (2009) Sustainable Agriculture in Zainal Abidin Sanusi, Azlan Amran, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Asyirah Abdul Rahim, Hamoon Khelghat-Doost, Govindran Jegatesen and Mehran Nejati (2009) Local Solutions for Global Problems, 1st regional Conference on Sustainable Development: RECOSD’08, Sinaran Bros, USM publisher and Yayasan Tun Razak, p.33-48.

6.Salfarina Abdul Gapor (2009) EFSD in Action, Review for Chapter 4, Omar Osman, Zainal Abidin Sanusi, Salfarina Abdul Gapor and Hamoon Khelghat-Doost (eds.) (2009) Education for Sustainable Development: Strategies and Actions of Institutions of Higher Learning, The 2006 Conference of the Association of Southeast Asian Institutions of Higher Learning (ASAIHL), Sinaran Bros. Press dan RCE Penang, p.175-176.

 7.Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Zainal Abidin Sanusi, Omar Osman, Lee Lik Meng (2006) Penulisan untuk isi Diari USM 2006, bertema Education for Sustainable Development, Public Relation Office, USM.

8.Salfarina Abdul Gapor (2009) Terendak Igan:Peranan Utama Warisan Kebudayaan terhadap Pembangunan Lestari dalam 99 Idea Kelestarian @USM, Penerbit USM, Pulau Pinang.

9.Nor Hafizah Selamat and Salfarina Abdul Gapor (2011) Capacity Building Experiences of Poor Women Participants of the Asnaf Zakat Programme in Penang, Cecilia Ng, Noraida Endut and Rashidah Shuib (eds.) Our Lived Realities, Reading Gender in Malaysia, Penerbit USM, Penang, p.126-149.


1. Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Nor Hafizah Selamat, Ahmad Sanusi Hassan, Nurwati Badarulzaman dan Osman Md. Yusoff (2005) Planning Towards a Sustainable Fishing Community in Penang in Abdul Hamid Jaafar (eds) Kepelbagaian Peranan Pertanian dan Sumber Alam: Perspektif dan Cabaran Prosiding Seminar Kebangsaan, Pusat Pengajian Ekonomi, Fakulti Ekonomi dan Perniagaan, UKM, The Mines, Seri Kembangan, 11-12 Oktober, 2004, Univision Press Sdn. Bhd. Kuala Lumpur, p. 421-434.

2.  Wan Asna Wan Mohd Nor and Salfarina Abdul Gapor (2005) Civil Societies and Internet: the Case Study of Malaysian Islamic NGOs, CD Prosiding, Seminar Kenegaraan dan Ketamadunan: Ke Arah Memahami Islam Hadhari di Malaysia, SOGOC 2005, 18-19 Mei 2005, Jabatan Pengajian Kenegaraan dan Ketamadunan (JPKK) Fakulti Ekologi Manusia dan Pusat Islam, Universiti Putra Malaysia. 

3. Madeline Berma, Faridah Shahadan and Salfarina Abdul Gapor (2006) Causes of Poverty Among Bumiputera in Sarawak: Hearing the Voices of the Poor, After Development in Malaysia, Reflections on the Development Agenda and the Future, MSC5, 8-10 August 2006, Universiti Putra Malaysia.

4. Junaenah Sulehan and Salfarina Abdul Gapor (2006) Poverty among Women in Sabah and Sarawak, After Development in Malaysia, Reflections on the Development Agenda and the Future, MSC5, 8-10 August 2006, Universiti Putra Malaysia. 

5.  Salfarina Abdul Gapor (2006) Indigenous Knowledge and Ecotourism: the Jahai  and Temiar Communities in Tasik Banding and Temenggor, After Development in Malaysia, Reflections on the Development Agenda and the Future, MSC5, 8-10 August 2006, Universiti Putra Malaysia.

6.  Nor Salwana Haji Yusoff and Salfarina abdul Gapor (2006) Building RCE Networking using Existing Mechanisms: The Potential of Neighbourhood Committee (Rukun Tetangga) promoting EfSD, 2006 ASAIHL Conference on Education for Sustainable Development, 20-22 June, 2006. 

7. Hafizah Selamat and Salfarina Abdul Gapor (2007) KUNITA Group and Its Potential Role in Developing Community Rural Tourism: A Case Study of Melanau Women in Kg. Belawai, Mukah, Sarawak, 5th Tourism Educators’ Conference on Tourism and Hospitality, 3rd-4th August 2007. 

8. Mohd Khairuddin Mohad Sallehuddin and Salfarina Abdul Gapor (2008) Terendak Igan: Warisan Melanau di ambang Kepupusan, 6th International Malaysian Studies Conference (MSC6), 5-7 August 2008.

9. Mohamad Zaini Abu Bakar, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Azeem Fazwan Ahmad Farouk, Wan Asna Wan Mohd Nor, Fatimah Mohd Yasin (2008) Tinjauan Awal Pengaruh Komposisi Kaum Terhadap Aktiviti Rukun Tetangga di Pulau Pinang, 6th International Malaysian Studies Conference (MSC6), 5-7 August 2008. 

10. Noreha Hashim and Salfarina Abdul Gapor (2008) Modernization and Racial Integration in Kelantan, 6th International Malaysian Studies Conference (MSC6), 5-7 August 2008. 

11.  Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Mohd Affandy Yusof, Baharuddin Sulaiman, Hifni Baharuddin (2010) Profiling of Traditional Healers in The Northern State of Malaysia, 7th International Malaysian Studies Conference (MSC7), 16-18 March 2010. 

12.  Nor Hafizah Selamat, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Intan Hashimah Hashim, Juliana Abdul Wahab (2010) The Effectiveness of Collective Action in Capacity Building Propgrams: Comparative Studies of KUNITA Group in sedili, Johor and Pulau Betong, Penang, 7th International Malaysian Studies Conference (MSC7), 16-18 March 2010. 

13.  Zuziirmaryanti Shahari, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Nor Hafizah Selamat (2010) Wanita dan Pembuatan Terendak: Kajian Kes di Igan, Sarawak, 7th International Malaysian Studies Conference (MSC7), 16-18 March 2010. 

14. Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Asyirah Abdul Rahim, Muhamad @ Abd Malik Daud @ Abd. Aziz, (2011) Community and Biodiversity: Developing and Marketing an Intercropping System of Banana and Torch Ginger for Sustainable Income Generation at Balik Pulau, Pinang, The Asia Regional Forum on Biodiversity, Dusit Thani Hua Hin Hotel, 5 November 2011.

15.  Salfarina Abdul Gapor (2011) Utilising Indigenous Knowledge for Socio-economic Empowerment: Experiences of the Jahai and Temiar in Tasik Banding, Perak, 9th Regional Wetland Training Course, School of Biology, USM, 6 June 2011. 

16.  Wan Asna Wan Mohd Nor, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Mohamad Zaini Abu Bakar and Zainon Harun (2011) Some Socio-Demographic Determinants of Political Participation, International Conference on Humanities, Society and Culture, Kuala Lumpur.


Research Grant

1.   Ke arah Mencari Satu Kerangka Teoretis Perpaduan Etnik Mengikut Acuan Malaysia: Kajian Kes di Perak dan Kelantan, FRGS, RM 60,000, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Mohd Zaini Abu Bakar, Noreha Hashim, Azeem Fazwan Farouk, Zainal Abidin Sanusi,  bermula Januari 2007 hingga Disember 2009/3 years.  

2.   On Defining the Model of Spatial Distribution and Diffusion of Melanau Language Family Along Rejang-Baram Rivers, FRGS, RM 65, 500.00, Salasiah Che Lah, Tarmiji Masron, Azimah Sazali, Ruslan Rainis, Suriati Ghazali, Alias Abd. Ghani, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, bermula Oktober 2002 hingga November 2005/3 years

3.   Recreating the University from Within – Research on Modelling Sustainable University, FRGS, RM 31,000, Omar Osman, Zainal Abidin Sanusi, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Ratna Roshida Abdul Razak, Anees Janee, Nurul Salmi Abdul Latip,15 Januari 2007 – 14 Januari 2010/3 years.

4.  Indigenous Knowledge and Ecotourism: A case study of the Jahai, Geran Jangka Pendek USM, RM 19, 288.00, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Nor Hafizah Selamat, Januari 2005 – Disember 2008/3 years.

5.  The Terendak Igan: The Role of a Tangible Cultural Heritage Towards Sustainable Development, RU Grant, RM63,129.08, Salfarina Abdul Gapor dan Nor Hafizah Selamat, Oktober 2007-September 2009/2 years.

6.  Exploring Women’s Role in Agro-tourism: A Case Study of Belawai Women, Geran Jangka Pendek USM, RM 19994.00, Nor Hafizah Selamat dan Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Julai 2004-Jun 2006/3 years.

7.  Empowering women through micro-credit: a gender analysis of empowerment, RU Grant, RM273,191, Rashidah Shuib, Sukor Kasim, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Siti Waringin Oon, Intan Osman, Zainab Wahidin, Oktober 2007 – September 2010/3 years.

8.  Developing a Theoretical Model of Collective Action for Empowerment in Malaysian women’s Organisations, RU Grant, RM 136, 659.42, Nor Hafizah Selamat, Intan Hashimah Mohd Hashim, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Juliana Abdul Wahab, Oktober 2007- September 2010/3 years.

9.  Investigating the Erosion of Malay Traditional Herbal Medicinal Knowledge in Peninsular Malaysia (Penang, Kedah and Perak), RU Grant, RM 106, 841.48, Mohd Affandy Yusof, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Wan Aminah Hasbullah, Abdul Ghani Hussain, Baharuddin Sulaiman, Saad Othman, Sharif Mahsufi Mansor, Fatan Hamamah Yahaya, Disember 2008-Disember 2010/2 years.

10.  Keusahawanan Sebagai Pembinaan Kapasiti (Capacity Building) untuk Golongan Wanita Mencapai Pembangunan Lestari, RU Grant, RM 75, 232.26, Nor Hafizah Selamat, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Oktober 2007-September 2009/2 years.

11.  A Study of Citizen Attitudes and Political Participation: The Case of Penang, RU Grant, RM99,749.62, Wan Asna Wan Mohd Noor, Mohamad Zaini Abu Bakar, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Azeem Fazwan Ahmad Farouk, Mac 2009-Februari 2011/2 years.

12.  Kajian Terhadap isu Perumahan Bandar dari perspektif masyarakat pelbagai etnik di Malaysia, RU Grant, RM 99,971.92, Nor Malina Malek, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Azrina Husin, Mac 2009-28 Februari 2011/2 years.

13. SWOT Analysis for Postgraduate education in USM, IPS, Abu Hassan Abu Bakar, Zamri Ahmad, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Ilias Said, Arman Abdul Razak, Azizan Aziz, Kamal Zuhairi Zamli, September 2009-November 2009/3 months.

14.  Kajian Penerimaan MasyarakatTerhadap Rukun Tetangga dan keberkesanannya dalam meningkatkan Perpaduan di Pulau Pinang, RU Grant, RM 65,090.00, Mohamad Zaini Abu Bakar, Azeem Fazwan Farouk, Wan Asna Wan Mohd Nor, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Oktober 2007-september 2009/2 years.

15.  Revitalising Home Garden in the Malay Heritage Village of Pulau Pinang towards a Sustainable Community Development, Projek BJIM, RM 10,000, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Jamilah Ehsan, Rusli Jamaludin, Fatan Hamamah , Mohd Affandy Yusof, Baharuddin Sulaiman,Hifni Baharuddin,Wan Rose Eliza Abdul Rahman, Oktober 2009- November 2010/1 year.

16.  An Integrated Approach to Sustainable Rural-Urban Development for Rakyat Sejahtera, Project A: A Sustainable Strategy for assessing Rural Vulnerability and Promoting sustainable rural lifestyles for Rakyat Sejahtera, Delivery Excellence Apex Project, RM 545, 000, Norizan Mohd Nor, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Suzyrman Sibly, Kanayathu Koshy, Tarmiji Masron, Azlan Amran, Wan Ruslan Ismail, April 2011-Mac 2012/1 year.

17. Delivering Sustainability Excellence Showcasing Balik Pulau as a Sustainable Village, Delivery Excellence Apex Project, RM 1.2 million, Zainal Abidin Sanusi, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Nor Hafizah Selamat, Ratna Roshida Abdul Razak, Fatan Hamamah , Mohd Affandy Yusof, Baharuddin Sulaiman, April 2011-Mac 2012/1 year.

18. Masyarakat dan Kepelbagaian Bio: Membangun dan Memasarkan Sistem Tanaman Selingan Mangga/Pisang dan Bunga Kantan/Tumbuhan Herba untuk Menjana Pendapatan yang Lestari di Balik Pulau, Projek BJIM, RM 60, 000.00, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Fatan Hamamah , Mohd Affandy Yusof, Baharuddin Sulaiman,Hifni Baharuddin, Norizan Md. Nor, Suzyrman Sibly, Kanayathu Koshy, Ogos 2011-July 2013/2 years.


1.  Kajian Sosio-ekonomi Bumiputera di Pulau Pinang, UPEN negeri Pulau Pinang, RM 308,055.04, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Zulkarnain A. Hatta, Jamalludin Sulaiman, Suriati Ghazali, Narimah Samat, Noreha Hashim, Zakaria Bahari, Nor Malina Malek, Azlinda Azman, Saidatul Mohd, Azeem Fazwan Ahmad Farouk, Osman Mohd Yusoff, Oktober 2006- Julai 2007/10 months.

2. Kajian Perumahan dan Geopolitik di Pulau Pinang, PERDA, RM 102,724.74, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Noreha Hashim, Suhaimi Shahnon, Ogos 2007-Januari 2008/6 months.

3.  Kajian Pembangunan Semula Perkampungan Nelayan, Pulau Pinang, Unit Perancang Ekonomi Negeri Pulau Pinang, RM 330,214.64, Osman Mohd Yusoff, Kamaruddin Ngah, Ahmad Sanusi Hassan, Nor Hafizah Selamat, Nurwati Badarulzaman, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, April 2002-Disember 2002/9 months.

4. Kajian Mengukur Tahap Perpaduan, Jabatan Perpaduan dan Integrasi Nasional,Mohd Zaini Abu Bakar, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Noreha Hashim, Nor Hafizah Selamat, Chin Yee Whah, Tiun Ling Ta, Wan Asna Wan Mohd Nor, Anbalakan Kailasam, RM 209,223.29, September 2004-November 2004/3 months.

5. Perceptions of Malaysia Among Transient Tourists: A Study in Four Asian Countries – Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand and Hong Kong), Lembaga Penggalak Pelancongan Malaysia, Adnan Hussein, Badaruddin Mohamed, Salfarina Abdul Gapor, Nor Hafizah Selamat, Anton Abdul Basah Kamil, RM 158, 909.00, November 2005-April 2006/6 months.



    CMM 122 Pengenalan Kepada Perisian Komputer 

    SKW 122 Kaedah Penyelidikan: Kuantitatif dan Kualitatif

    SBW 203 Ekonomi Untuk Perancangan Pembangunan

    SBU 304E Alam Sekitar, Sumber Asli dan Pembangunan

    SBW 201 Teori dan Isu Pembangunan

    SPA 518 Environment, Development and Planning

    SHE 101 Hubungan Etnik

    SAE 514 Policies of the European Union

    SGS 501 Kaedah dan Analisis Penyelidikan Pengajian Gender

    SEA 305 Contemporary Malaysia

    AGW 632 Natural Resource and Environmental Management.


      Graduated students 

      PhD Supervision:

      1.Lu Wei Qun, 2008, Contraceptive Choice Among Married Women in Guizhou Province: Socio-culturalRelationship Factors, co-supervisors (Rashidah Shuib)/2.

      2.Dennis Cheung Kin Keung, 2009, Corporate Social Responsibility for Improving Human Settlements Through Voluntary and Private Sector Partnership in Selected Southeast Asian Developing Countries, main supervisor (Tiun Ling Ta)/2.

      3.Moh Azis Arisudi, 2011, The Implication of Changes in Land Ownership Pattern Toward the Rural Society ofBlitarDistrict, Indonesia, main supervisor (Nor Malina Malek)/2.

       4.Atif Mohamed Salih, 2011, Challenges Affecting Human Resource Development in the Civil Service Organizations in Sudan, co-supervisor (Jamalludin Sulaiman)/2.

       5.Novel anak Lyndon, 2011, World-view of Quality of Life of theBidayuhCommunity inSerianDistrict, Sarawak, co-supervisor (Mohamad Reevany Bustami)/2. 

      Master (Mixed Mode) Spervision:

      1.Ferooze Ali b. Ahsad Ahmad@Azhar Ali, 2006, The Contribution of European Union-ASEAN COGEN 3 Programme to the Malaysian Industrial Community, An Evaluation, main supervisor/1

       2.Minzai Dau Lum @ Khaung Yal, 2007, The Role of Environmental NGOs in the EU Environmental Policy: An Analysis, main supervisor/1

       3.Nurul Asyikin Abdul Rahim, 2010, The Role of European Union (EU) in Reconstructing Acheh: A Case Study of Bandar Acheh, main supervisor/1.

       4.Santhyea/pSubramaniam, 2011, The Perception of Non-Governmental Organization Using Internet as Medium to Promote Sustainable Development in Malaysia, main supervisor/2.

       5.KhorLayHoon, 2011, The Driving Mechanism of Proactive Corporate Environmental Management among ISO 14001 Certified Companies in Malaysia, main supervisor/2.



        Lye Tuck-Po


        Lye Tuck Po
        This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
        Tel: +60 4 653 5383
        office: C23 / 309   
        External sites: BlogPhotography
        B.A., English & Philosophy (Randolph-Macon Womanʼs College); M.A., Ph.D., Anthropology (University of Hawai`i, Manoa)



        I'm an environmental anthropologist with experience in consultancies, newspaper reportage, NGOs, teaching and training, and independent research. I joined USM in 2010.

        My primary research focuses on the environmental knowledge and relations of local communities, especially Southeast Asian tropical forest dwellers. My long-term work is with the mobile, hunting-and-gathering, forest-dwelling Batek (Orang Asli) of Pahang. This study developed into an abiding interest in the knowledge and knowing of landscapes and in indigenous epistemologies.

        I've also conducted fieldwork with Khmer and Kuay communities in central Cambodia. There I switched my attention from forests to hydrological systems, and from hunting-and-gathering to agriculture, and investigated contemporary classifications of religious sites in the pre-Angkorian templescape of Sambor Prey Kuk monument complex. I'm currently preparing a book of photographs depicting the agricultural cycle in my field village.

        I continue to be interested in forest management and politics, vulnerability and climate change adaptations, the politics of knowledge, Southeast Asian societies and cultures, and the Orang Asli and other indigenous minorities of Malaysia.





        changing pathways2


        de Jong, Wil, Lye Tuck-Po, and Ken-ichi Abe.Editors. 2005. Migration and the social ecology of tropical forests. Kyoto: Kyoto University Press. 

        Lye Tuck-Po. 2004. Changing pathways: Forest degradation and the Batek of Pahang, Malaysia. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. [Malaysian edition published in 2005 by SIRD, Petaling Jaya] 

        Lye Tuck-Po, Wil de Jong and Ken-ichi Abe. Editors. 2003. The political ecology of tropical forests in Southeast Asia: Historical perspectives. Kyoto: Kyoto Area Studies on Asia, Kyoto University Press and Melbourne: TransPacific Press. 

        Lye Tuck-Po. 2001. Orang Asli of Peninsular Malaysia: A comprehensive and annotated bibliography. CSEAS Research Report Series no. 88. Kyoto: Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University.

        Journal articles

        Lye Tuck-Po. 2013. Making friends in the rainforest: “Negrito” adaptation to risk and uncertainty. Human Biology 85(1-3): 417–444. [pdf]

        Lye Tuck Po. 2011. A history of Orang Asli studies: Landmarks and generations.Kajian Malaysia: Journal of Malaysian Studies  29 (Supplement 1; Special issue on "Community, Identity, Politics and Healthcare in Malaysia," edited by Abdul Rahman Embong and Chin Yee Whah):23–52. [pdf]

        Lye Tuck-Po. 2008. Being forest peoples: Globalizing local sustainability. Moussons: Social Science Research on Southeast Asia 12:35–48.

        Lye Tuck-Po. 2005. The meanings of trees: Forest and identity for the Batek of Pahang, Malaysia The Asia Pacific Journal of Anthropology 6:249–61.

        Lye Tuck-Po. 2002. The significance of forest to the emergence of Batek knowledge in Pahang, Malaysia. Southeast Asian Studies 40(1):3–21. [pdf ]

        Lye Tuck-Po. 2000. Forest, Bateks, and degradation: Environmental representations in a changing world. Southeast Asian Studies 38:165–84. [pdf ]

        Lye Tuck-Po and Grace Wong. 1999. Conservation and the Orang Sungai of the lower Sugut, Sabah: Preliminary notes. Borneo Research Bulletin 30:46–65. [pdf ]

        sacred forest_2

        Book chapters

        Lye Tuck-Po. 2011. “The wild and the tame in protected areas management, Peninsular Malaysia,” in Complicating conservation in Southeast Asia: Beyond the sacred forest . Ecologies for the 21st Century. Edited by Michael R. Dove, et al, pp. 37–61. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

        Lye Tuck-Po. 2008. “Before a step too far: Walking with Batek hunter-gatherers in the forests of Pahang, Malaysia ,” in Ways of walking: Ethnography and practice on foot . Edited by Tim Ingold and Jo Lee Vergunst, pp. 21–34. Aldershot, Hants: Ashgate Publishers.

        de Jong, Wil, Lye Tuck-Po, and Ken-ichi Abe. 2005. “Migration and the social ecology of tropical forests,” in Migration and the social ecology of tropical forests . Edited by Wil De Jong, et al. Kyoto: Kyoto University Press.

        Lye Tuck-Po. 2005. “Uneasy bedfellows? Contrasting models of biodiversity  maintenance in Malaysia,” in Conserving nature in culture: Case studies from Southeast Asia . Edited by Michael R. Dove, et al., pp. 83–116. New Haven: Yale Southeast Asia Council Press.

        Lye Tuck-Po. 2005. “The road to equality? Landscape transformation and the Batek of Pahang, Malaysia ,” in Property and equality, vol. 2: Encapsulation, commercialisation, discrimination . Edited by Thomas Widlok and Wolde Gossa Tadesse, pp. 90–103. Oxford: Berghann.

        de Jong, Wil, Lye Tuck-Po, and Ken-ichi Abe. 2003. “The political ecology of tropical forests in Southeast Asia: Historical roots of modern problems,” in The political ecology of tropical forests in Southeast Asia: Historical perspectives . Edited by Lye Tuck-Po, et al., pp. 1–28. Kyoto: Kyoto Area Studies on Asia, Kyoto University Press and Melbourne: TransPacific Press.

        Lye Tuck-Po. 2002. “Forest peoples, conservation boundaries, and the problem of ʻmodernityʼ in Malaysia,” in Tribal communities in the Malay world: Historical, cultural and social perspectives . Edited by Geoffrey Benjamin and Cynthia Chou, pp. 160–84. Leiden: IIAS and Singapore: ISEAS.




        Meeting international standards: Malaysian experiences in sustainable development (Research funding from the European Commission awarded to the SEATIDE consortium for the project, “Integration in Southeast Asia: Trajectories of Inclusion, Dynamics of Exclusion;” Ecole Française d'extreme-Orient, Paris, France, Coordinator, 2012–2015).

        Weavers of the forest: Studying the transmission of environmental knowledge (USM Short-Term Grant, 2011-2013)

        The effects of environmental change on indigenous communities in Malaysia and abroad (USM Incentive Grant, 2011–2012)

        "Contemporary Ethnography" of the Murum HEP, a project of the State Government of Sarawak (consultancy, 2009–2010)

        Environment, knowledge, and memory in Sambor Prei Kuk, Cambodia (Asia Fellowship granted by the Asian Scholarship Foundation, 2005–2006.

        A social history of protected areas management in Peninsular Malaysia (research funding from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation awarded through the project, "The Institutional Context of Biodiversity Conservation in Southeast Asia: Trans-national, crosssectoral, and inter-disciplinary approaches” [Michael R. Dove and Percy S. Sajise, principal investigators], 1998–1999)

        Comparative studies of protected areas in Malaysia and Japan (postdoctoral research supported by a grant from the Japan Ministry of Education and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 1998–2000)

        Identification of Potential Protected Areas, Sabah Biodiversity Conservation Project, Malaysia (WWF-Sabah, providing technical assistance to the state government of Sabah, 1997–1998)

        Knowledge construction in a Malaysian hunter-gatherer society (Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, John D. and Catherine T.MacArthur Foundation and the East-West Center, 1995–1996)




        • SAU200 Sociology of the family
        • SAU323 Anthropology and the environment

        • SEA303 Societies and cultures of Southeast Asia

        Previously taught

        • SAU213E Gender, ideology and power (co-taught)
        • SKW122 Social research: Quantitative and qualitative methods (co-taught)
SDA591 Research methodology

        In planning

        • SAUXXX Ethnography (co-teaching)






        In progress

        • Nur Mohammad Majumder, "Ethnography of the Khasis of Bangladesh" (Ph.D.)
        • Phor Heong Hong, "The re-construction of the health care system in Malaysia: A post-colonial and modernity perspective" (Ph.D.; co-supervisor; primary supervisor Francis Loh)
        • Chiok Phaik Fern (Ph.D.; co-supervisor; primary supervisor Soon Chuan Yean) 


        • Kooi Shiu Cheng, "The rise of multinational hypermarkets and the impact of contract-based fishing in Malaysia" (Masters in International Studies [Asian Studies])





        Andrew K.G. Tan

        Associate Professor
        This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
        Tel: +604 653 2653
        Office: C14/112

        B.A. (Wisconsin-Green Bay)
        M.S. & Ph.D. (Texas A&M)


        Andrew is an applied micro-economist, with ongoing research and interests in consumer & household demand and health economics. His work in health economics includes identifying the socio-demographic determinants of body weight status, cancer screening, metabolic syndrome, physical activity participation, fruits and vegetables consumption, cigarette smoking, and alcohol consumption.

        Born and bred in Penang, Malaysia, Andrew spent his formative years at the Francis Light School 1 (’78) and Penang Free School (’85). He holds B.A. in Economics from the University of Wisconsin-Green Bay (’88), and both M.S. (’91) and Ph.D. (‘94) in Agricultural Economics from Texas A&M University.

        Andrew began his career in academia at Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) in 1994 and is currently an Associate Professor of Economics since 2009. Throughout his tenure at USM, he taught various courses, with primary responsibilities on undergraduate level Microeconomics and graduate level Resource and Environmental Economics.

        To date, Andrew has consulted for Bank Negara Malaysia, WorldFish Center, Socio-Economic Research Institute (SERI), and DCT Consultancy Services (Penang) Sdn. Bhd. He was also appointed as Research Fellow by the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS), Singapore and Visiting Professor by the El Colegio de Mexico.

        Apart from being an academician, Andrew was also the USM men and women’s volleyball coach from 1994–2006. He was Head Coach of the Malaysian women and men’s volleyball teams to the 10th (Bangkok, Thailand in 1999) and 12th (Surabaya, Indonesia in 2004) ASEAN University Games, respectively.

        altAndrew is currently residing in the island paradise cum foodie haven of Penang (Malaysia) with his wife and two lovely daughters (Allyssa & Allynna). He is an avid fan of the National Football League (NFL), particularly of the Green Bay Packers. "Go Pack Go!"


        “(The) ultimate goal of pursuing knowledge is to give it all away” – Karndee Leopairote



        Selected Publications



        Yen, S.T., Tan, A.K.G. and Feisul, M.I. "Consumption of Fruits and Vegetables in Malaysia: Profiling the Daily and Non-Daily Consumers." Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health. Accepted for publication.


        Tan, A.K.G., Yen, S.T., Hasan, A.R. and Muhamed, K. "Determinants of Purchase Likelihoods and Amounts Spent on Meat in Malaysia: A Sample Selection System Approach." Agricultural and Resource Economics Review. Accepted for publication. 





        Jelani, J., Tan, A.K.G. and Mohd-Zaharim, N. (2014). "Demand for Extracurricular Activities Among Primary School Students: Exploratory Evidence from Survey Data in Penang (Malaysia)." The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher. 24(1): 125–135.


        Tan, A.K.G., Yen, S.T., Hasan, A.R. and Muhamed, K. (2014). "Demand for Life Insurance in Malaysia: An Ethnic Comparison Using Household Expenditure Survey Data." Asia-Pacific Journal of Risk and Insurance. 8(2): 179–204.


        Cheah, Y.K. and Tan, A.K.G. (2014). "Determinants of Leisure Time Physical Activity: Evidence from Malaysia." The Singapore Economic Review. 59(2): (doi:





        Tan, A.K.G., Yen, S.T. and Feisul, M.I. (2013). "The Association Between Smoking and Body Mass Index: Results from a National Sample of Malaysian Adults." Journal of Public Health. 21(5): 403–412.


        Loke, Y.J., Yen, S.H., Tan, A.K.G. and Lai, Y.W. (2013). "Do Businesses Exhibit Payment Preferences as Payors? Evidence from Malaysia." Malaysian Journal of Economic Studies. 50(1): 37–52.


        Loke, Y.J., Yen, S.T. and Tan, A.K.G. (2013). "Credit Ownership and Debt Status in Malaysia." The Singapore Economic Review. 58(3):





        Yen, S.T. and Tan, A.K.G. (2012). "Who are Eating and Not Eating Fruits and Vegetables in Malaysia?" International Journal of Public Health. 57(6): 945–951.


        Dunn, R.A., Tan, A.K.G. and Nayga, R.M. (2012). "Obesity Inequality in Malaysia: Decomposing Differences by Gender and Ethnicity Using Quantile Regression." Ethnicity & Health. 17(5): 493–511. 


        Tan, A.K.G., Yen, S.T. and Feisul, M.I. (2012). “Determinants of Body Weight Status in Malaysia: An Ethnic Comparison.” International Journal of Public Health. 57(2): 279–288. [Abstract]


        Tan, A.K.G. (2012). “Distinguishing Between Non-smokers, Casual Smokers, and Compulsive Smokers: Evidence from Malaysia.” Atlantic Economic Journal. 40: 173–184.


        Jelani, J. and Tan, A.K.G. (2012). “Determinants of Participation and Expenditure Patterns of Private Tuition Received by Primary School Students in Penang, Malaysia: An Exploratory Study." Asia Pacific Journal of Education. 32(1): 35–51. [Abstract]





        Tan, A.K.G., Yen, S.T. and Loke, Y.J. (2011). "Credit Card Holders, Convenience Users and Revolvers: A Tobit Model with Binary Selection and Ordinal Treatment." Journal of Applied Economics.14(2): 225–255. [Abstract]


        Loke, Y.J., Yen, S.T. and Tan, A.K.G. (2011). "Credit Card Averters and Amassers: Evidence from Malaysia." Asian Economic Journal. 25(4): 397–412. [Abstract]


        Tan, A.K.G., Dunn, R.A. and Yen, S.T. (2011). “Ethnic Disparities in Metabolic Syndrome in Malaysia: An Analysis by Risk Factors.” Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders. 9(6): 441–451. [Abstract]


        Teoh, Z.M. and Tan, A.K.G. (2011). “Determinants of Library Use Amongst University Students.” Malaysian Journal of Library & Information Sciences. 16(2): 21–31. untitled


        Yen, S.T., Tan, A.K.G. and Nayga, Jr., R.M. (2011). “Determinants of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in Malaysia: An Ordinal System Approach.” The Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics. 55: 239–256. [Abstract]


        Dunn, R.A. and Tan, A.K.G. (2011). “Utilization of Breast Cancer Screening Methods in a Developing Nation: Results from a Nationally Representative Sample of Malaysian Households.” The Breast Journal. 17(4): 399–402. [Abstract]


        Tan, A.K.G., Dunn, R.A., Samad, M.I.A. and Feisul, M.I. (2011). “Socio-demographic and Health-lifestyle Determinants of Obesity Risks in Malaysia.” Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health. 23(2): 192–202. Published on 10 May 2010 as doi:10.1177/1010539509359535. [Abstract]





        Dunn, R.A. and Tan, A.K.G. (2010). "Cervical Cancer Screening in Malaysia: Are Targeted Interventions Necessary?" Social Science & Medicine. 71(6): 1089–1093.


        Ong, W.L. and  Tan, A.K.G. (2010). "A Note on the Determinants of Airline Choice: The Case of Air Asia and Malaysia Airlines." Journal of Air Transport Management. 16(4): 209–212.


        Dunn, R.A., Tan, A.K.G. and Samad, M.I.A. (2010). "Does Performance of Breast Self-Exams Increase the Probability of Using Mammography: Evidence from Malaysia." Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention. 11: 417–421.


        Tan, A.K.G. (2010). "Demand for Food-Away-From-Home in Malaysia: A Sample Selection Analysis by Ethnicity and Gender." Journal of Foodservice Business Research. 13(3): 252–267.


        Tan, A.K.G., Yen, S.T. and Nayga, Jr. R.M. (2010). "Socio-Demographic Determinants of Gambling Participation and Expenditures: Evidence from Malaysia." International Journal of Consumer Studies. 34(3): 316–325.


        Quah, S.H. and Tan, A.K.G. (2010). "Consumer Purchase Decisions of Organic Food Products: An Ethnic Analysis." Journal of International Consumer Marketing. 22(1): 47–58.


        updated: 3 March 2014



        Research Grants
        (Title; Granting agency; Collaborators; Term; Status)

        A Study on the Purchase Likelihoods and Expenditure Patterns of Selected Household Items in Malaysia; Universiti Sains Malaysia Research University (RU) grant; (with Ch'ng Kean Siang); 2013-2015; On-going.
        Determinants of Learning Management System (LMS) Use Among Students in Open Distance Learning Institutions: The Case of Wawasan Open University; Wawasan Open University Research Grant; (with Ng Peng Long); 2012-2015; On-going.
        Production of Tocopherols, Organic Acids, Bio-Ethanol, Bio-Adhesive and Bio-Corrosion Inhibitors from Oil Palm Frond; Universiti Sains Malaysia Research University (RU) grant; (with Mohamad Nasir B. Mohamad Ibrahim et al.); 2011-2015; On-going.
        An Investigation of the Risk Factors of Non-Communicable Diseases in Malaysia: A Health Economics Perspective; Universiti Sains Malaysia Research University (RU) grant; (with Ch’ng Kean Siang); 2011-2014; Completed.
        Determinants of Non-Communicable Diseases in Malaysia: An Economic Analysis; Universiti Sains Malaysia Research University (RU) grant; Principal Researcher; 2008-2011; Completed.
        The Determinants of Credit Cards Demand in Malaysia: An Exploratory Study of Three Major Cities; Universiti Sains Malaysia Short Term grant; (with Loke Yiing Jia); 2008-2010; Completed.
        Examining Malaysian Household Expenditure Patterns on Gambling; Universiti Sains Malaysia Short Term grant; Principal Researcher; 2006-2008; Completed.
        Examining Malaysian Consumer Decisions and Expenditure Patterns on Selected Consumer Products: A Study on Fish and Seafood; Universiti Sains Malaysia Short Term grant; Principal Researcher; 2004-2005; Completed.



        Undergraduate Masters
        Microeconomics I* Resource & Environmental Economics*
        Microeconomics II Research Methodology (co-teaching)
        Agricultural Production Economics  
        Mathematics for Economists  


        SEW101 Microeconomics I - Tutorial / Exam Answer Keys (Semester I 2014/15)

        1 4 Coursework grades
        2 5 SEW101 grade calculator 


        Mid-Term Exam      

        (NOTE: Links will be re-activated during Semester I 2015/2016)

        CAI (Computer-Aided Instruction)

        Download CAI



        SME551 - Resource & Environmental Economics





          Name Title of study Graduation year Remarks
        1. Gwee Sai Ling An examination of the value of ecotourism at the Belum-Temengor Rainforest Complex On-going Main supervisor
        2. Mangleswari Subramaniam Supply Chain in the Agricultural Sector in Malaysia On-going Main supervisor
        3. Woo Kuan Heong The attractiveness of public employment: A study of perception among final year university students in Peninsular Malaysia 2011 Co-supervisor


        Masters (Foreign Universities)

          Name Title of study University  Graduation year Remarks
        1. Dina Darshini Balanehru A study of stakeholder perceptions towards the use of oil palm based biofuel and biomass utilisation in Malaysia University of Edinburgh 2012 Co-supervisor
        2. Sylvia Lim Obesity and dining out: An exploration of dietary trends in Malaysia University of South Florida  2014 Field-supervisor


        Masters by Research

          Name Title of study Graduation year Remarks
        1. Nurnabilah Bte Mohd Jelani Penglibatan wanita dalam pertanian Malaysia: suatu kajian persepsi dan daya tahan/tarikan penyertaan di Perak On-going Main supervisor


        Masters in Economic Management (MEM)

          Name Title of study Graduation year Remarks
        1. Chan Hui Ling Keanjalan penggantian faktor bagi industri-industri sektor pembuatan di Malaysia yang terpilih pada tahun 1997 2001 -
        2. Ling Liew Ching Women labour force in secondary schools in Penang 2002 -
        3. Kang Sock Hwa Factors determining decisions of Penang residents to travel domestically and frequency of domestic travelling 2002 Published
        4. Ng Joo Lynn Factors determining purchasing decisions of life insurance and life insurance premium expenditures amongst married couples in Penang 2003 -
        5. Chen Kah Chun Factors determining the decisions to purchase food from and household expenditures in fast-food restaurants 2003 -
        6. Sia Mee Ling Factors determining public support for the Penang Outer Ring Road (PORR): An application of Logit analysis 2003 -
        7. Tang Kieng Hing Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi penglibatan siswazah Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM) dalam perniagaan francais 2003 -
        8. Lee Song Haur Factors determining Penang households' expenditure patterns on vitamins and minerals: The Tobit approach 2004 Presented
        9. Ho Way Chiang Determinants of public support for the Penang Second Link 2004 -
        10. Wong Soo Chen Perbelanjaan terhadap perkhidmatan telefon bimbit dikalangan pelajar Sekolah Menengah di Pulau Pinang: Pendekatan model Tobit 2004 -
        11. Lee Ee Ling Determinants of household expenditures on fixed line and mobile phone services in Penang 2004 -
        12. Lok Chin Fai Factors determining decisions to purchase pirated VCD or DVD in Penang: An Application of the Logit analysis 2005 -
        13. Helen Lee Factors determining Malaysian household purchase decisions and expenditures on food-away-from-home 2005 Published & Presented
        14. Lim Geik Ling Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi corak perbelanjaan rekreasi isi-rumah di Malaysia 2005 -
        15. Shahril Zamani An exploratory analysis of familiarity and willingness to use online shopping services in Penang 2007 -
        16. Quah Su Huey Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi individu dalam membuat keputusan membeli makanan organik: Satu kajian kes di Pulau Pinang 2007 Published
        17. Ong Wooi Leng Consumers' choice of Air Asia or Malaysia Airlines to selected cities in Malaysia: A case study using Penang data 2008 Published
        18. Juliana Jelani Determinants of private tuition amongst school children: Evidence from Penang, Malaysia 2009 Published & Presented
        19. Cheah Yong Kang Determinants of leisure time physical activity: Evidence from Malaysia 2010 Published
        20. Lee Lian Yee Examining the willingness-to-use of the Monorail System as an alternative mode of public transportation: A case study amongst Bayan Lepas workers 2011 -
        21. Chew Si Jie Demand for insurance in Malaysia: Ethnic analysis using household expenditures data  2013 -
        22. Prabha A/P G. Annamalai Patterns of fruit and vegetable consumption among adults in Penang (Malaysia) 2015 -
        23. Selvam A/L Manisakaram The socio-demographic factors associated with pathological gamblers and non-gamblers in Penang (Malaysia) 2015 -


        Final Year Projects

          Name Title of study Graduation year Remarks
        1. Lim Pei Fern & Quah Su Huey Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pemilikan bilangan kad kredit di Pulau Pinang: Penggunaan analisis regresi 2006 -
        2. Yap Siew Hui & Wong Lai Yei Household demand for petrol: A case study in Penang 2006 -
        3. Teoh Zei Mei Demand for library services: A case study of Universiti Sains Malaysia students 2010 Published
        4. Tan Su Fen Demand for fast-food amongst university students: An exploratory study amongst students from Universiti Sains Malaysia 2011 -
        5. Low Hong Joo  Obesity & Overweight: An exploratory study of determinants and perception among Universiti Sains Malaysia students  2014 -
        6. Teo Zheng Wei Demand for Health/Takaful insurance: A study among Universiti Sains Malaysia students  2014 -
        7. Alison Wok Li Jin & Chong Hui Sin  Examining the eating patterns of university students: A case study of Universiti Sains Malaysia On-going -
        8.  Tang Chew Fong & Yeoh Sin Huey Determinants of health supplements consumption among students in Universiti Sains Malaysia On-going -
        9. Chang Hui Kian & Ida Loh  Determinants of physical activity & exercise among students in Universiti Sains Malaysia On-going -
        10. Edward Low Wai Leong & Kok Jin Liang  A study of brand preference of laptops among Universiti Sains Malaysia students  On-going -



        Awards & Recognitions
        (Name of award/recognition; Granting agency; Date)

        Nominated for the Anugerah Akademik Negara 2013 (National Academic Awards 2013): Journal publications category; Ministry of Education Malaysia; September 2014.

        Nominated for the Anugerah Akademik Negara 2012 (National Academic Awards 2012): Journal publications category; Ministry of Education Malaysia; August 2013.

        Anugerah Sanggar Sanjung; Universiti Sains Malaysia; 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

        Hadiah Sanggar Sanjung; Universiti Sains Malaysia; 2009, 2010, 2011.

        Anugerah Perkhidmatan Cemerlang (Excellent Service Award) 2011/2012; Universiti Sains Malaysia; 2012.

        Excellence Award in Teaching; School of Social Sciences; Universiti Sains Malaysia; 2004-2007, 2009-2011.

        Excellence Award in Coaching (Volleyball); Universiti Sains Malaysia; 2003/2004.

        Greetings and Selamat Datang (Welcome) to the website of the School of Social Sciences of Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM).

        Established in 1970, the main mission of the school is the advancement of knowledge to understand and facilitate desirable social transformation, as well as to study and address the rapid and profound social changes in contemporary society. We achieve this mission through an extensive programme of research, publication, teaching and intellectual collaboration.

        The school offers Bachelor-degree programmes in the fields of Anthropology and Sociology, Economics, Political Science, Development Planning and Management and Social Work. We also offer postgraduate degrees in Economics, Public Administration, Social Work and Islamic Development and Management. The school plays an important role in bringing together the primary disciplines involved in the analysis of human and societal relationships. In so doing the school promotes the critical analysis and understanding of issues related to psychosocial problems, culture and cultural diversity, the interaction of social and physical environments, social development, and economic and political structures.


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